humans back in 2020?
The Bottom Line: Everyone reading this is extremely wealthy by absolute standards, even if on food stamps. From a deep-time perspective, we’re in the .000001%.
Energy Part 8 - The Carbon Pulse
The Carbon Pulse
Summary: Most oil is found in locations where many millions of years ago there were oceans. This makes sense because oil is made from dead phytoplankton, algae and other sea creatures that accumulated on the ocean bottom, eventually became buried under newer geologic strata, then spent many millions of years baking under pressure. These basins are scattered throughout the world, although a fair share of them are in the Middle East. The youngest oil ever found is around five million years old, while the oldest is about 440 million years old. Most of this oil was formed during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, which lasted from 200 million to 65 million years ago. 163 Because it appears to take a hot-house climate of stagnant seas a minimum of five million years to cook oil out of dead stuff,
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